[P4867] The Future of Middle Eastern Regimes: At the Intersection of Domestic and International Politics

Created by Jeannie Sowers
Sunday, 11/19/17 1:00pm

SUMMARY:

This panel examines how international and domestic factors interact to shape the evolution of political regimes, identities, and the dynamics of conflict in the Middle East and North Africa. The papers thus seek to develop analytical approaches that cross the conventional boundaries of comparative politics and international relations to adequately analyze changing patterns of warfare, sectarian mobilization, foreign policy choices, and domestic regime management. The papers explore different scales and units of analysis: destruction of civilian infrastructures in the post-2011 period in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Libya; bilateral relations between Syria and Turkey; the diffusion of sectarian discourses to Jordan; and the international and domestic factors shaping institutional development in Al-Sisi's Egypt.

The papers seek to elaborate theoretically-informed explanations drawing on multiple sources of empirical material. The paper on conflict and infrastructures critically revisits the literatures on 'new' and 'degenerate' wars in light of emerging patterns of targeting water, energy, and sanitation systems in the Middle East. The analysis is based on an original database compiled by the authors in addition to primary and secondary sources. The paper analyzing moves from enmity to d├ętente to amity and back again in Turkish-Syrian relations proposes a new framework drawing on Barkin's notion of "realist constructivism," based on interviews with key figures and primary and secondary sources. The paper exploring how state and social actors alike in Jordan increasingly employ sectarian rhetoric draws upon interviews, primary sources, and findings from a workshop with Jordanian participants. The paper on Egypt's future political trajectory adapts work by scholars in comparative institutional development to analyze domestic and international influences shaping the evolution of security, economic, and political institutions. The paper draws on interviews, budget data, voting data, and archival sources. Taken together, the papers thus provide a nuanced view of how changing forms of identities, war, and regime construction in the region reflect the intersection of domestic and international influences.

DISCIPLINES:

Pol Science

ABSTRACTS:

MEMBERS:

Curtis R. Ryan

(Appalachian State University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Presenter;

Bruce Rutherford

(Colgate University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Chair; Presenter;

Jeannie Sowers

(University of New Hampshire)
Panel Participating Role(s): Organizer; Presenter;

Morten Valbjorn

(Aarhus University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Co-Author;

Samer Abboud

(Arcadia University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Discussant;

Marwa Daoudy

(Georgetown University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Presenter;
Valbjorn, Morten (Aarhus University) - Abstract Second Author