[P4737] Reflections on the State and Statelessness in the Post-Arab Spring Era

Created by Sami Emile Baroudi
Tuesday, 11/21/17 8:00am

SUMMARY:

Scholars have long debated the post-colonial state in the Arab World; dwelling, inter alia, on its: origins; organizational modes; legitimation processes and legitimacy crises, ultimately triggering the post-2010 protests and conflicts. Despite the proliferation of recent studies – e.g. Jean-Pierre Filiu, From Deep State to Islamic State (2015) and Christopher Davidson, After the Sheikhs (2013) – the Arab state remains largely undertheorized in the literature; leaving ample room for theoretical reflections on how the tribulations of the Arab Uprisings are reshaping the Arab state. Nearly all the principal works on the Arab state predate these uprisings; such as Roger Owen, State Power and Politics in the Modern Middle East (1992); Giacomo Luciani, ed., The Arab State (1990); Nazih Ayubi, Over-Stating the Arab State: Politics and Society in the Middle East (1995). The 2011 uprisings weakened existing state structures and undermined the legitimacy of most Arab states, with a number (e.g. Libya, Syria and Yemen) collapsing in their aftermath. These watershed developments have allowed for novel forms of conceptualizing the state, such as with rekindling interest in establishing or “reviving” an “Islamic state” or moving towards a “communitarian state” (i.e. a state that is designed to protect the core interests of its constituent communities). Equally important, these developments are forcing us to reflect on the demands for equal citizenship rights and to examine the emergence of large numbers of refugees due to unprecedented war-triggered human displacements. Our panel focuses on a few pressing issues, primarily: 1) the implications of globalization and democratization waves on Arab national states’ territorial and demographic demarcations, and the rise of the “communitarian state” ; 2) the way current refugee and displacement crises have shaped and interrogated the notion of the Arab national state, its governance system, institutions and sovereignty; 3) the ambiguities and latent tensions surrounding the notion of an “Islamic state”, which is often advanced as an alternative to the failed national state; 4) the current magnitude of statelessness in the region and the growing demands for equal citizenship rights and political participation in post-Arab Spring states; and 5) the importance of external actors in ensuring the deployment of state feminism not only in authoritarian Arab states but also in sectarian states such as Iraq after 2003. While not exhaustive, the above list of themes provides many intertwined entry points to unpack the notion of the state in the post-Arab Spring Era.

SPONSOR:

Lebanese American University

DISCIPLINES:

Pol Science

ABSTRACTS:

MEMBERS:

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Nadim Shehadi

(Fares Center - Fletcher School - Tufts)
Nadim Shehadi is director of the Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. He is also, an associate fellow of Chatham House in London. Nadim was a senior member of St Antony's College...
Panel Participating Role(s): Chair; Discussant;
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Sami Emile Baroudi

(Lebanese American University)
I joined LAU in October 1992 and was appointed Full Professor in October 2009.I hold a Ph.D. in Political Science from Indiana University in Bloomington and an M.A. in Political Studies from the American University of Beirut. My current research interests...
Panel Participating Role(s): Organizer; Presenter;
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Rola El-Husseini

(Lund University, Sweden)
Panel Participating Role(s): Organizer; Presenter;
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Imad Salamey

(Lebanese American University)
Imad Salamey is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs, Associate Chair of the Department of Social Sciences, Director of the Institute for Social Justice and Conflict Resolution (ISJCR). Salamey is the book author of The Decline...
Panel Participating Role(s): Presenter;

Tamirace Fakhoury

(Lebanese American University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Presenter;

Lina Beydoun

(Lebanese American University)
Panel Participating Role(s): Organizer; Presenter;