Islamism and the World Order: The Multipolar World Order Imagination and Political Perception of the Milli Gorus Movement

By Muhammed Huseyin Mercan
Submitted to Session P4820 ("The Political" in Political Islam: Conflict, consensus, or something else?, 2017 Annual Meeting
Pol Science
Turkish Studies;
This paper examines the main criticisms of Milli Gorus (the National Outlook, NO) towards monolithic and hegemonic World order, but also unipolarity or bipolarity, through the conceptual framework of the political. The concept of political by its definition rejects the idea of a ‘world state’ that dominates humanity or the entire world. From this perspective, the NO - as one of the mainstream Islamist movements - which is predominantly critical and oppositional to the West and Western political understandings, strongly criticizes the modern international system and seeks to challenge the Euro-centric or West-oriented political structure. In this regard, thinking over the political as a separation of ‘friend and foe,’ the NO’s political discourse clearly objects to the dominance of any hegemonic or monolithic political world order. The NO imagines a different world than the versions imposed or articulated by dominant world powers and institutions. It has its own understandings of multipolarity and the friend and foe relationship. The movement has never preferred the Western capitalist bloc over the Soviet bloc, or vice versa. The movement also rejects the idea of liberal justice described by the capitalist bloc as constructing a peaceful world for all human beings under the supervision of the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the like. To the contrary, the NO claims these institutions are the main reasons for injustice and crises on earth. The movement focuses on justice, solution and consensus instead of injustices, crises and conflicts. In this respect, this paper aims at analysing the NO’s political world order imagination through its fundamental parameters based on the political and discussing its self-appointed role in the making of an alternative world order approach.