SUMMARY:The panel aims to investigate the diverse experiences of the Anatolian Armenians who survived the genocide, migrated a few times during WWI, and ultimately formed the refugee populations of certain countries in the vicinity of Turkey or in Istanbul in the postwar era. Not only directly after the genocide but also after the finalization of the victory of the Turkish Kemalist forces, many Armenians fled to Greece, Cyprus, Syria and Lebanon under French rule, Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, and Iran. Some others went to or were brought to Istanbul by the representatives of the missionary organizations or international relief efforts. Hence, the Armenians of the Middle East and the Eastern Mediterranean in the post-genocide era lived under different political regimes and state structures and in countries and among peoples with different cultural identities and traditions. In this panel, one of our main goals is to explore and discuss the unique and similar experiences of these Armenians as refugees, citizens, hosted foreigners or members of an official minority. The history of the Armenian refugees (likewise the Assyrian refugees) in this geography has not been integrated into the histories of the countries which welcomed them. Obviously, while analyzing with due care the settlement and rehabilitation efforts by the host countries, the panel aims to go beyond the narratives of hospitable receptors and reveal the fault lines in citizenship processes and frustrations lying beneath the preferences for emigration to the West or repatriation to Soviet Armenia. Furthermore, the presentations in this panel will provide an insight into if and how the memory of the genocide was transmitted to the second-generation Armenians, into ideas regarding the regeneration of the nation, and conceptions of homeland and “Mother Armenia”. Archival documents, oral history interviews, memoirs, newspapers and journals and other sources will be employed by the panel participants to shed light on the approach(es) of the state authorities in respective countries to the Armenian refugee issue, the humanitarian initiatives of foreign and Armenian organizations, Armenian religious leaders’ efforts to guarantee the continuity of the nation, as observed in every Armenian diasporic community the division of Armenians along political lines, and various aspects of the everyday life of Armenians and their social relations.