SUMMARY:Lakhdar Brahimi has been Algeria's Foreign Minister (1991-1993) and its Ambassador to Egypt, Sudan and the Arab League of States in Cairo (1963-1970) and to The United Kingdom (1971-1979). From 1984 to 1991, He served as Under-Secretary General of the League of Arab States. During that time, he negotiated the Taef Agreement, which put an end to the Civil War in Lebanon that had lasted 15 years.
During his country's struggle for independence, Brahimi represented Algeria's National Liberation Front in Indonesia (1956-1961).
He took part in the work of the Non-Aligned Movement, since its first Conference, in 1961, in Belgrade, and in that of the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union), since its creation, in1963.
After retirement from national public service, in 1993, he started a new career with the United Nations. After undertaking a number of missions on behalf of the Secretary General of the United Nations, he led the United Nations Observer Mission to South Africa (UNOMSA), which observed South Africa's historic democratic election, which ended Apartheid and brought Mandela to power. He also led UN Missions to Haiti (1994-1996) and to Afghanistan (1997-1999).
In 2000, he chaired an Independent Panel on UN Peace Operations, which produced a report on how to improve UN action in its core activity, which is the maintenance and restoration of Peace and Security in the World. (The report is commonly known as the "Brahimi Report").
In 2001, following the 09/11 terrorist attacks, he chaired the Bonn Conference on Afghanistan and went on to lead the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA). In 2004, following the invasion and occupation of Iraq, he helped form a national government with the mandate of restoring the sovereignty of that unhappy country.
In 2007, Brahimi was asked to chair another Independent Panel, which produced a report on how to protect UN staff and property around the world. He was then again called back to be the Joint Special Representative of the United Nations and the League of Arab States for Syria (2012-2014).
Lakhdar Brahimi spent 2 years (2006-2008) at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton, two Semesters as a Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics (LSE) in 2008 and 2009, and taught a course at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques (Sciences Po), in Paris, in 2011, 2012 and 2015.
Ambassador Brahimi studied Law and Political Science in Algiers and Paris, but left without graduating to join his country's struggle for independence.
He was awarded Doctorates Honoris Causa from (in the order in which they were granted):
The American University of Beirut, in Lebanon;
The University of Oxford, in the UK;
The University of Nice, in France;
The University of Bologna in Italy;
The University of the Free State, in South Africa,
The Institut d'Etudes Politiques of Paris, in France
Lakhdar Brahimi is currently a member of The Elders and a number of civil society organizations and has been active in various associations with leading Universities and Institutes.
Lakhdar Brahimi is married, with three children and 6 grand children