[P6322] Security in Context: Political Economies of 21st Century Violence and Conflict
Created by Pete W. Moore
Tuesday, 11/30/21 11:30 am
SUMMARY:This panel is animated by a renewed research program in critical security studies. At the core of this cluster of research is a commitment to move away from narrowly defined conceptions of security, peace, and violence and instead pursue different understandings of how security is theorized in the Middle East, particularly as they intersect with issues of social and regional concern. Within this field, the papers of this panel specifically take up political economy questions around practices of 21st century war-making and violence in the Middle East. Contributions are founded on two assumptions. One, war and preparation for war are viewed through a lens of ongoing institutional and political economy contexts, rather than a bracketed approach that sees practices of violence as the monocausal result of strategic calculations and structuralist variables, as prevalent in conventional theories in international relations and comparative politics. Two, political economies of (in)security are understood as transnational, rather than exclusively domestic or monodirectional. Consequently, each paper interrogates a “national case,” but analyzes that country within its regional and international contexts in order to capture how the interplay of internal and external factors shape the waging of war and perceptions of security. Additionally, these papers range across different levels of analysis. Contributors will focus on unpacking the effects of external security assistance; understanding the links between weapons exports and domestic war economies; comparing how the socio-economic livelihood of local communities are shaped by programmatic state withdrawal; tracing the transnational factors that shape the evolution of a national military; and comparing how transnational conceptions of security and development harden into one-size-fits-all policies. Participants come from different disciplinary backgrounds but employ qualitative and interpretative methodological frameworks in linking their cases to the critical task of de-centering theories of security and war from Western paradigms.
The intended result of this panel will be to help shore up a foundation for new thinking about security, in the Middle East and globally, and encourage follow-up panels to explore other facets of security in context.
SPONSOR:Organized under the auspices of Security in Context
DISCIPLINES:Intl Rltns/Aff; Intl Rltns/Aff