SUMMARY:In the past twenty years the study of Islamic intellectual history has developed in at least two new directions. First, it moved into the post-classical era, that is into the period after 1100 CE, an era that was neglected and often ignored in the study of Islamic intellectual history during the 19th and 20th centuries. Second, the study of Mu’tazilite kalam has seen a new impetus through the availability of new sources and a closer re-reading of those that have become available in the 1950s. The four papers in this panel follow up on this trend. They address issues in Mu’tazilite kalam and aim to contribute to a more thorough understanding of Islamic intellectual history during the post-classical period. One focus of this panel is the categorization of fields of scholarship (or: “sciences,” Arab. ‘ulum) in the post-classical period. Here papers will focus on the division of the sciences in those that are described as “philosophical” (hikmiyya) and those that are described being related to revelation. Two papers in this panel suggest that authors in the post-classical period developed a parallel understanding of fields of knowledge that are largely independent of the epistemological authority of revelation and those that depend on it. Other papers try to show how texts of the post-classical period are connected to those from Islam’s classical period and how they re-frame issues that come up there. All four papers of the panel wish to contribute to a deeper understanding of the roles of reason and revelation in Islamic intellectual history.
DISCIPLINES:Rel Stds/Theo; Rel Stds/Theo; Rel Stds/Theo; Rel Stds/Theo