SUMMARY:This panel explores the practice, product, and impact of film and video making in and about the Gaza Strip. Contributors assumes a political, cultural, or psychological efficacy to Gazan moving images and asks what that efficacy might be, even as it recognizes how other local, regional and global forces shape the lived experiences of Gazans and their political possibilities. Gaza has long been associated with both resistance and urgent humanitarian need, associations that have generated a surprisingly complex and ever shifting range of visual material that includes not only documentaries and amateur videos, but also fictional features and experimental films and videos. As a space and society that has been defined by catastrophe, impending collapse, and violence since its demarcation in 1948, the Gaza Strip has tested theories of representations of trauma and the power of narrative and aesthetics to process that trauma. Gaza has been instrumentalized, ignored, and magnified by regional and global actors, and its film and media production has played a central role in both solidarity activism and militarism. As the global context for Gazan images has changed over time, so have the narratives and ideologies underpinning its images, particularly surrounding questions of collective identity and individualism.