The second decade of the twenty-first century was marked by historic changes across the Arab region, as popular movements emerged by December 2010 and onwards, with demands of dignity, freedom, and justice in what came to be known as the so-called ‘Arab Spring revolutions’. This set of various events aimed to get rid of authoritarian and corrupt regimes in their various forms. However, most of these popular revolutions did not reach their objective of establishing a better national governance system. Some uprisings led instead to violent conflicts that have claimed the lives of millions and afflicted the national economies everywhere armed conflicts occurred, and sometimes spilled over into neighboring countries, although the latter did not necessarily experience any national armed conflicts.
As part of the consequences that can occur in times of large-scale armed conflicts or civil wars, a national state apparatus may collapse, either completely or partially, and the ability of its state agencies to provide services and implement public policies may rapidly decline or simply come to a halt, even during an early, ‘twilight zone’ stage. Armed conflicts between political, religious and/or ethnic groups over the control of state apparatus, which suffers from fragility, have led to the shattering of social, economic and political structures as well as the heavy losses of lives, and the displacement of millions. From this standpoint, this call raises the issue of the governance of public policies during and after conflicts in the Middle East. The main questions considered here are: how are public policies made in times of war?
This call for contributions includes the following research sub-areas and themes for writing either theoretical or more empirically grounded papers:
• The governance of PP in Arab or MENA countries experiencing direct conflicts (reality and challenges);
• The role of regional and international actors in the governance of PP in the conflict and non-conflict Arab countries;
• Networks of actors, governmental actors and non-state actors in the process of making and implementing PP during and after conflicts and the challenges facing these groups
• Techniques for mobilizing the various resources needed to implement PP during and after conflicts;
• A comparison of policymaking and the development of the energy sector in countries currently affected by civil wars;
• The agency and roles played by non-fighting groups in times of conflict in terms of mitigating the effects of war over society, and the difficulties they face;
• A comparative approach to the sovereignty gap during wars and how to exercise the main state functions;
• National dialogues, transitional stages, and the outline of public policies and implementation;
• The complexities of wars and their repercussions in terms of governance of PP during the post-war period;
• Conflict of interests between different and conflicting parties in the post-war period and comprehensive reconstruction plans in post-war countries;
• Legal and constitutional frameworks to ensure social and transitional justice in the post-war phase
• Cases from outside the Arab region for comparative purposes are welcome.
Please send abstracts to email@example.com
Abstract deadline: January 25, 2021
Paper deadline: March 30, 2021
Conference dates: April 4 & 5, 2021